Sigiriya Rock is located on a rocky plateau above the forests of central Sri Lanka. Just as it was built by a fierce king in the 5th century, it is the site of the Lion Rock Sigiriya (named place).Automated water sources that are still in operation today amaze modern water garden engineers. For this, the water in one pond is ready to go to the other pond.
Sigiriya Rock-Technology Art Gallery ….
Sigiriya is an art site that explores natural and creative architecture, although Sigiriya Rock covers an area of about 1,200 acres, but only 200 acres are still preserved. Attempts have been made to reduce the temperature by allowing water to flow through holes in the palace walls. Bonsai art is believed to have been introduced to the world for the first time through Sigiriya. Sigiriya’s songs written on the wall reveal the art and creativity of the people of that time and the style of the language. According to geological research, the Sigiriya rock dates back to 2.5 billion years ago and is associated with its founder, King Kasyapa I, of the Sri Lankan dynasty.
AD History says that King Dhatusena who ruled in Anuradhapura from 459 to 477 was the Iron Dolly or cousin of the second class queen. The cave monastery at the foot of the Sigiriya rock was dedicated to the Great Society. If not in the 3rd century BC or the era when Buddhism came to Ceylon. By this time, Sigiriya and the surrounding areas had become Aryan settlements and were in a very advanced state, as revealed by the Brahmi inscriptions in the area. But the history of Sigiriya that we see today dates back to c. Runs to 477. King Kasyapa the Great made it his capital.
A beautiful monument that combines the beauty, technology and art of the environment, Sigiriya was gifted to the country with the determination and effort of many artists. The Sigiriya Rock or Rock leaves with two other rocks. The rock in the south is about 345 meters high and the rock in the north is about 347 meters high. The uniqueness of Sigiriya Rock is that it is located between these two escort rocks and is 363 meters higher than the two escort rocks.
The two adjoining rocks and Sigiriya Rock are located 1 to 1 1/2 km apart. In addition to these two entourage rocks in Sigiriya, the Pothana Plateau is 222.6 m high in the southwest, the 198 Udagam Plateau in the northeast, the 234 m high igneous rock in the north (the remaining mountain) and 275 m in the southeast. Mountain ..
These highlands and the remaining mountains were used as a defensive ring in the creation of the Sigiriya Natural Fortress. Geographically, Sigiriya is naturally protected by natural walls, swamps and streams. These natural features are found in the range of 15-20 km in Sigiriya rock.
Natural protective walls
Sigiriya’s natural defense wall is located on the west side of Inamaluwa Vaya Kanda, km to Sigiriya rock About 17 are located in the west. This stretches from north to south. To the west of this mountain is Mirisgonioya. Dambulla you stretch here as a tributary. This ends in a muddy swamp to the northeast. This swamp stretches from Nankuriyagama to Kahambiliya. Let the end here be mixed.
However, the most important protection zone in the Kingdom of Sigiriya was the 383.4 m high Inamaluwa Plateau. To the south of this is the high ground called Kitulhitiyawa which is about 300 meters high. Highlands have been used to strengthen security forces and oversee military operations.
Materials needed to build the surrounding Sigiriya defensive walls have been found. There are two main types of materials used for this. One type is black (hard) stone and the other is clay brick. It has been used for decaying and crumbling rock formations around Sigiriya for thousands of years. The earth was excavated to obtain the clay needed to make the bricks. After excavating the earth for this clay, the site was established as a lake.
It can be said that the clay required for these bricks was obtained from the Sigiriya tank or the bottom of the tank that extends over a larger area than it is today. There are three main courtyards in Sigiriya. These bags are known as the gerden terrace, the boldest garden and the water garden. The area where the stones necessary for the construction of these pillars were found dates back thousands of years examining the collapsed rocks that have survived to this day. It has been revealed that the stones that fell from the Sigiriya rock were also collected during the construction of the stone garden.
Ancient craftsmen collected the fallen stones from the Sigiriya stone and gave beauty and protection to the walls. In addition, spatial erosion was avoided. If the slopes are eroded, Sigiriya Palace will be destroyed, so it seems that these rocks have been gradually trapped on the way from top to bottom.