The Hakgala Botanical Garden is located in the Nuwara Eliya area and is known as a beautiful garden. Hakgala Botanical Garden, founded in 1961, is the second-largest botanical garden in Sri Lanka. This cool-climate park is located at 5400 feet above sea level. Temperatures range from 16 to 30 degrees Celsius, with cold winters from December to February and warm climates from April to August.
The Hakgala Botanical Garden has located about 16 km along the road from Nuwara Eliya to Badulla. To enter the park, you need to get a ticket, and vehicles can be left on the road outside the park.
The Hakgala Botanical Garden is highly landscaped and colorful flowers, plants, shrubs, trees, and buildings add to the beauty of the garden. The rose garden is a unique feature of this place and is full of beautiful roses of different types and colors.
Legend has it that King Ravana was an experienced physician and that the king’s medicinal garden was located on Mount Aggala. The land, believed to have belonged to a brilliant physician thousands of years ago, was converted into the Haggal Botanical Gardens in 1861 by English rulers. Located about 9 km from Nuwara Eliya on Badulla Road, it is considered the second botanical garden in Sri Lanka.
Haggal Botanical Garden was founded in 1861 at an altitude of 1745 m in the foothills of the Haggal ridge at an altitude of 2173 m above sea level. The Haggala Botanical Gardens in the vicinity of the Haggal Range, which connects the Nuwara Eliya region and the Badulla region, receives northeastern and southwestern monsoon rains with an annual rainfall of 2,200 mm. The park receives 210 days of rain per year and the average temperature is 3-15 degrees Celsius. Haggal Botanical Garden, located at the foot of the Haggal Range with a mixed climate, is located in the immediate vicinity of the Haggala Nature Reserve, which is a wonderful gift from nature.
In 1859, the British conducted a study at the Royal Botanic Gardens in Peradeniya to grow a plant called Zincon to produce Quinik, a drug used to combat the rapid spread of malaria in their colonial kingdom. As a result, Haggal Garden was converted into a botanical garden in 1861 due to the cultivation of the cinchona tree. It is said that two of the most important plantations in the country, coffee, and tea plantations, were also explored. The antiquity of tea plantations of teas imported to Sri Lanka from Assam for research in 1867 can be seen on the upper border of the Haggal Botanical Garden.
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A collection of lotus plants planted in 1883, a system of mint plants planted in China in 1893, a natural rock garden founded in 1921, a combination of fungi and algae species, lichens, and various mosses. The fern garden really creates a wonderful healing environment. In the herbarium, you can see examples of plants that are over 100 years old. Dry plant specimens in mountain forests and foothills can be found in about 1000 specimens, which have been preserved separately depending on the species. The park has about 20,000 endemic and endemic plants, 4143 endemics to Sri Lanka, 3107 endemics to Sri Lanka and exotic, and about 100 endemics to Haggala. The trees in the park are over 100 years old today. Rus trees can be seen imported from very high local and subtropical countries. The botanical name of each of these plants can be seen on the genus and origin tablets. Black monkeys, endemic to Nuwara Eliya, are also found here.
For over 150 years, the Haggala Garden has been a masterpiece with a rose garden, orchard, greenhouse, summer house, tall flower garden, study and annex, onion garden, central pond, and plant shop. Everyone is obliged to protect the garden without polluting the environment by applying polyethylene, etc., without damaging the trees. This park is a great heritage of our country and is a must-see place.