As winter approaches in the northern hemisphere, tropical birds (reproductive and juvenile) migrate to areas near the equator in search of heat and food. Sri Lanka has also become an important breeding ground for migratory birds. Birds that regularly take a regular route between these two places, Suvadi and Budina, are known as Nihariyan. Kumana National Park has become a major destination for these Nihariyas who come to Sri Lanka from the north along the three routes through the west coast, east coast, and Andaman Islands of India? The lagoons, lakes and lakes located here provide a constant supply of food to tourists and the average temperature of 27 degrees Celsius creates a comfortable environment for them. These reservoirs are fed by the annual rainfall of approximately 1,300 mm received by this area.
Kumana National Park Formerly known as Yala East, this park is located about 20 km south of Panama, north of Kumbukkan Oya, and borders the southeast coast. It covers an area of approximately 35,665 hectares. Kumana Villuwa and Helawa, Okanda, Girikula, Bagura, Andarakala, Itikala, Yakalai Kumana National Park lagoons, Kumana, Bakmi, Aluthgama, Eraminiyan lakes and small reservoirs such as Kiri Pond, Lotus Pond, Kuda Wela, Kota Linda, etc. There are many reservoirs in this area. There are many different ecosystems, such as thorny bushes and mixed dry evergreen forests, grasslands, coastal vegetation, riparian forests.
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This park was declared a Ramsar International Wetland on 10.10.2010 and identified 9011 hectares of land, including parts of the Kudumbigala and Panama sanctuaries.
Birds that arrive north in August, when winter arrives, remain in the north until approximately April, when spring arrives. As a result, around 255 species of birds can be seen in Kumana National Park, including about 90 species endemic to Sri Lanka. So which bird has become a very popular destination for visitors? These are some of the birds that can be seen during the migratory season. One of the most special birds that can be seen in this park is the Elephant Mana, the largest bird in Sri Lanka.
Many native and migratory waterbirds can be found in lakes, ponds, and lakes foraging for food. Blue-Purple Swamp Hen, Coot, Black-winged Stilt, Common Handle, Green Handle, Wood Wagtail, Green Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Common Moorhen, Cora (Watercock), White-breasted Waterhen, Pacific Golden Plover, Little Ringed Plover, Lesser Sand Plover, Gray Plover, Little Stint, Ruddy Turnstone, etc. They are common.
Waterbirds can be seen not only as birds, but also as many birds of prey, such as hawksbill turtles, hawksbill turtles, giraffes, hawksbill turtles, hawksbill turtles, peacocks, yellow hawksbill turtles, crows, hawks, hawks and eagles. .